Tuesday, March 29, 2011

Some words of advice to the community

O ye my disciples! may God be always with you. May He grant you to be prepared for the final journey as he had prepared the Companions of the Holy Prophet, peace be on him. Beware! this world is transient. Cursed is the life which concerns itself mainly with material gains and most unfortunate is he who hankers after this world. If there be such a man among my followers, then he has joined us in vain, for he can be likened to a withered branch of a tree which cannot bear fruit.

O ye fortunate ones! hasten towards me and join my fold for I have come with the teaching which ensures your salvation. Believe in One God and do not make anyone His partner from the earth or heaven. God does not forbid you from the use of material resources but he who relies totally on them is akin to an idolator. From the earliest times He has been warning you that salvation cannot be attained except through a pure heart. You must, therefore, become pure-hearted and discard personal jealousies and hatred. A great number of weaknesses lie dormant in man, but the basest weakness is arrogance. No one would have been a non-believer if there had been no arrogance. Therefore, make yourself humble of heart and serve your fellow-beings with love. As you exhort or invite them to paradise you must not ever contemplate causing any harm to them in this transient world. Observe all the Commandments of God with His fear in your hearts because you are going to be called to account. When you stand in Prayer, concentrate on seeking His succour so that He may draw you towards Himself, and purify your hearts. Man is weak by nature. All his weaknesses are removed only through His grace. So long as man does not get strength from his Creator he cannot get rid of his weaknesses. Islam does not mean that you may merely be known as Muslims. No, it fundamentally needs your souls to prostrate in all humility at His threshold and that you must give precedence to each and every command of your faith over every worldly affairs.

O ye of my dear Jama'at! believe firmly in the fact that the world is now approaching its end and a radical change has begun to appear. Do not, therefore, deceive your souls, and turn immediately to attaining perfection in piety and righteousness. Make the Holy Quran your true guide and acquire true light from it for your every need. You must not neglect the Traditions of the Holy Prophet, may peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, either, and must not consider these to be useless. Nay, these also are most important and were collected and compiled at the expense of very great effort and hardship. But beware when a Hadith happens to clash with the Holy Quran, disregard it totally so that you may save yourselves from going astray. God has caused the Holy Quran to reach you in its pristine purity, therefore, give the greatest importance to the Word of God and let nothing take precedence over it, because all truth and righteousness are based on it. People regard and have faith in the exhortations of men according to the measure of their piety and righteousness.

Now ponder over the fact how God has furnished thousands of Signs in support of my claim so that you may determine and judge the truth and the calibre of him who is inviting you to this Movement; and that you may weigh his spiritual worth and weigh his arguments. You cannot point out any moral slips and weakness in my life; nor that I have ever indulged in fraud or deceit so that you may have cause to suspect my integrity. Is there anyone among you who could point out shortcomings and weaknesses in my life? It was THE GRACE OF GOD that made me tread the path of righteousness from the very beginning. This is a Sign for those who would care to ponder.

Moreover God has sent me with His mission at the beginning of the century and has provided all the Signs and reasoning that were required in support of my claim. He manifested His Signs from heaven as well as on the earth and had commanded all the earlier Prophets to give glad tidings to the world concerning me. If my claim had been a human fabrication it could never have been accompanied with so many Signs. Besides all this, all the revealed Books furnish strong evidence of the fact that God gets hold of impostors and inflicts very severe punishment on false claimants and causes them to die in disgrace. But you all know very well that I made my claim which can be verified from Braheeni Ahmadiyya Part 1 more than twenty-three years ago. Any wise and intelligent person could ponder over the fact that God never allowed any impostor, ill-natured and insolent person who continued, audaciously, to fabricate revelations for twenty-three years, every day and every night claiming the same to have come from God; and instead of inflicting upon him punishment, granted him, day after day, and night after night, countless Signs in his support, such as causing the sun and the moon to be eclipsed during the same Ramadhan and thus fulfilling the predictions mentioned in the earlier Scriptures, the Holy Quran and the Ahadeeth, as well as fulfilling the prediction mentioned in his own book, Braheeni Ahmadiyya , and raised him at the head of the century when the creed of the cross had reached its climax, so that it may be shattered; and granted him popularity in the earth by causing the fulfillment of the appointed Signs mentioned in the old Scriptures and by the earlier Prophets in connection with the coming of the Promised Messiah; and causing his talks and exhortations to be fruitful and effective, and granting him His aid by accepting all his prayers. Does He grant all these favours knowing fully that he is false and is telling deliberate lies? Can you point out even one instance in the past where He had ever dealt so beneficiently with any lying impostor before me?

Therefore, O ye servants of Allah, do not lose sight of the facts and let not Satan create doubts in your minds. Believe fully in the fact that this is the fulfillment of the predictions made by the earlier Prophets. The last and final war between the Messenger of Allah and Satan which Prophet Daniel had referred to has commenced. I came as a blessing for the truthful and I have been ridiculed and denounced as Kafir and Dajjal and have been counted among the disbelievers. But all this was predestined so that the prophecy may be fulfilled which is described in the verse Those who suffered under the displeasure of God. This is because by referring to the party of the Blessed Ones, God has disclosed that there shall be among the Muslims those who shall be similar to those divines of the Jews who had attempted to crucify Jesus and who had denounced Jesus (God forbid) as a Kafir, a great deceiver and an impugner of true religion.

Now reflect carefully on what all this points to. This indicates that the Promised Messiah was to appear from among the Muslims. That is why people akin to the Jews and who would delude themselves being called the learned in religion were also to be created. That prophecy has now been fulfilled in your country. Had these divines not been present, the entire Muslim population would have accepted me by now. The sin, therefore, of those who reject my claim, lies at the door of these divines. Neither do these Ulama wish to enter the abode of righteousness themselves nor do they wish to let the less intelligent (###) enter the same. What pretence do they employ and what chicanery and subterfuge do they use secretly in misleading the simple artless people. But can they ever prevail over God? Would they frustrate the will of God, the Omnipotent, Who made it known through His Prophets? They rely on the support of the vile rich and the unfortunate men of affluence who hanker after worldly gains. But in the sight of God they are no more than dead worms.

O ye people, hearken to my call! Remember that this is a prophecy from Him Who created the earth and the heaven. We will cause this, His Own Movement, to spread in all countries and shall cause them to triumph over all others through reasoning and argument. The days are approaching, nay they are near at hand, when only this religion shall be spoken of with honour and respect. God shall grant this religion and this Movement His choicest blessings and unprecedented success and frustrate the designs of all those who seek to destroy them and shall perpetuate their ascendancy till the time the world comes to its end. They jeer at me now but their jeering shall cause no harm, for there has not been a Prophet who has not been jeered at. It was, therefore, incumbent that the Promised Messiah be also jeered at, as God Almighty says:

Alas for My Servants! There comes not a Messenger to them but they mock at him ( 36:31 ).

It is, therefore, a Sign from God; because every Prophet has beenmocked at. Who would laugh at a person who comes down from heavenwith a host of angels? Even from this one could understand thatthe story of Messiah coming down from heaven is no more than amyth.

Remember very well that no one will descend from heaven. All our opponents who live today shall die and none of them shall ever see Jesus son of Mary coming down from heaven; then their children that are left after them shall also die and none from among them shall ever see Jesus son of Mary coming down from heaven and then their third generation shall also die and they too shall not see the son of Mary coming down. Then God shall cause great consternation in their hearts, yet the son of Mary has not come down. Then in dismay the wise among them shall forsake this belief and three centuries from now shall not have passed when those who await the coming of Jesus son of Mary, whether they be Muslims or Christians, shall relinquish altogether this conception. Then shall prevail only one religion over the whole world and there shall be only one religious Leader. I came only to sow the seed which has been planted by my hand. It shall now grow and flourish and there is none who can hinder its growth.

Do not consider that the Aryas, the Hindus of the Dayanand cult,carry much weight. They are mere wasps who know not anything morethan causing a sting. They do not know anything about Unity orOneness of God Almighty and are completely devoid of spiritualknowledge. Their favourite pastime is finding fault with othersand abusing all the Prophets of God. Injecting satanic ideas intothe minds of people and making them sceptical is their boastfulachievement. In their hearts they do not even have the shadowof piety or fear of God. Always bear in mind that a faith withoutspirituality is of no benefit to anyone. A religion without spiritualbenefits cannot bear any fruit. A religion with no spiritual benefitsand a religion with no faith in direct communion with God andwith no piety and truthfulness, is merely a dead religion. Donot ever be afraid of it. Hundreds of thousands shall still beliving when they will see the disintegration of this creed, becausethe creed known as the Arya Samaj is merely mundane, not a godlyreligion at all. Always bear this in mind that a religion withoutspirituality can never succeed. It is worthless. The religionwhich has no communion with God and lacks the essence of truthand purity and which lacks heavenly attractions and is incapableof bringing about a miraculous change, that religion is dead.Do not fear it. People in hundreds of thousands from among youshall still be living when they will see the disintegration ofthis religion.

This creed known as the Arya Samaj is merely mundane and has noconnection with heaven and does not teach anything heavenly. Youshould, therefore, rejoice and leap in merriment that God is withyou. If you are truthful and firm and steadfast in your faith,the angels shall come down and teach and guide you and you shallbe blessed with heavenly equanimity, and the spirit of purityshall always come to your aid to teach and guide you. God shallbe with you at each and every step and no one shall overcome you.Therefore, wait with patience and perseverance for Divine blessings,and always remain calm and quiet when you are abused. So far aspossible, show humility against aggression so that you may beaccepted in heaven.

Always bear in mind that if you fear God, and your hearts arefilled with humility for His sake, He shall come to your aid andbecome the enemy of your enemies. The worldly eye does not discernthe truthful that affirm truth. But God, the Omniscient, seesthe truthful and protects him with His own hand. Do you not lovesomeone, in return, if he loves you from the core of his heartand is willing to lay down his life for you and obeys you implicitly?Do you not give him preference ove"


Sunday, March 13, 2011

Faith Matters: The Divinity of Jesus Christ - Part 1 (English)

Islam is a Peaceful Religion

Islam is a Peaceful Religion


Dear students and staff members at this university,

Assalamu alaikum warahmatullah.

I have been asked to shed some light on Islam as a peaceful religion. In view of the shortage of time, I can only address this subject briefly.

Whenever one wishes to speak about Islam as a religion of peace, the question naturally springs to mind that whereas there are so many religions in the world such as Judaism, Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, etc., when it comes to finding out whether Islam is a religion of peace, why should Islam be the odd one out?

One reason for this is that a few years after the beginning of Islam, anti-Islamic powers began a propaganda that Islam is a religion of extremism and violence and wants to compel others into belief by means of the sword. This, of course, is incorrect. In the beginning, the Muslims of Makkah suffered persecution but they remained silent. Finally, they migrated to Madinah but there too the disbelievers hounded the Muslims and forced upon them a battle to which I will revert later. The proof against those opponents who allege that Islam was spread by the sword is that although the disbelievers of Makkah raised all sorts of objections, yet history stands witness to the fact that the people of Makkah themselves never complained that the Muslims had used the sword against the disbelievers to compel them to change their faith.

Secondly, what has given Islam a bad name is an ugly and awful image of extremism presented, whether knowingly or unwittingly, by some Muslim groups and
organisations, and these groups unfortunately had personal vested interests.

In order to see a religion’s beauties or its defects, justice requires that you should make its teachings or its holy scripture the anvil by which to judge it, otherwise everyone would accuse every other faith willy-nilly. For instance, the teaching of Christianity, according to the Holy Bible, is:

‘But I tell you, do not resist an evil person. If someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also.’

(Matthew: 5:39)

But, in Bosnia or Iraq or other countries, America and the other Western powers, resorted or are resorting to aggression. If, however, we say that the Christian teaching is that if anyone raises his head against you, you should use all your might to trample it to death, this would be a grave injustice. In the same way, to find out the true teachings of Islam, we would have to study the Holy Qur’an and see what it says and not base it on the actions of some Muslims who have forgotten the teachings of the Holy Qur’an.

The stand of the Ahmadiyya Muslim community is that the teaching of the Holy Qur’an promotes peace. We have to take this message to every corner of the world. Therefore, I shall begin my message today by reference to the Holy Qur’an. After that we shall examine the practice of the Holy Prophet Muhammad(sa) to whom the teachings of the Holy Qur’an were revealed. Did he ever support any kind of cruelty, violence or extremist terrorism? Then, based on the Holy Qur’an and the Traditions of the Holy Prophet(sa), some important clarification has been provided to us by the Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim community, Hadrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian(as), who claimed that he was the Promised Messiah, and I shall refer to some of his writings.

Anyhow, let us first see what the Holy Qur’an commands us to do in order to establish peace. God Almighty says in the Holy Qur’an:

Whosoever killed a person – unless it be for killing a person or for creating disorder in the land – it shall be as if he had killed all mankind.

(Al Maidah, Ch.5: v. 33)

Explaining this verse, the Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim community says:

‘A person who kills a person unfairly or who kills someone who had neither rebelled, nor became a source of violating peace amongst the people nor created disorder in the land, it is as if he has killed the whole of mankind. In other words to kill a person without any cause is, according to God Almighty, like the murder of the entire human race. It is obvious from this verse, how big a sin it is to take the life of another person without reason.’

(Lecture Chashma-e-Ma’rifat pp 23-24: Commentary by the Promised Messiah Vol.2: p.405)

Thus, this is the beautiful teaching of Islam that the unlawful killing or the shedding of innocent blood of someone is like the killing of the entire human race, that is to say, the taking of a single life is like the massacre of thousands of innocent lives. Now, everyone can very well imagine what kind of sentence would be passed on someone who is found guilty of the taking of thousands of innocent lives. So this is the beautiful teaching given to us by God Almighty in the Holy Qur’an. Whosoever acts against this, acts against the teachings of Islam.

Then, the Holy Founder of the Ahmadiyya community takes us further than this because it was after his true reflection and deliberation and his understanding of Islamic teachings that God Almighty provided him with the guidance. Commenting on this verse, he adds:
‘He who abandons kindness abandons religion. The Holy Qur’an teaches that whosoever kills a person without justi-fiable cause will be as if he has killed the whole world. In the same way, I say that if someone is not kind unto his brother, it is like he has been unkind to the whole world.’

(Al Hakm Vol. 9 No.15 dated 30 April 1905 p.2: Commentary by the Promised Messiah, Vol.2: p.405)

Now on this verse, the Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim community has drawn an interesting conclusion that people think that Islam is an extremist religion but this is a mis-understanding on their part. Islam is saying that even if you are unkind in your treatment with your fellow human being, you are a cause of destroying the peace and harmony of the world. Forget killing anyone, you should always be kind in your dealings with every person in the world and spread the peaceful message of Islam.

I shall briefly explain some of the countless examples of kindness we find in the life of the Holy Prophet Muhammad(sa) and how concerned he was about the condition of his people.

If someone is kind to some person and wants to see his or her betterment, then the person will try his best to do something for him or her. The Holy Prophet(sa) was so kind and anxious for his people and prayed for them even though they believed in so many gods that it is beyond our imagination. God Almighty has promised that He would most surely punish those who associate others with God. Now, this thought that God Almighty would never forgive one who associates partners with God, used to make the Holy Prophet(sa) restless so much so that he would bow down repeatedly in prayers. He had a burning passion in his heart for the reformation of his people that he had become weary with worry for his people. Finally, God Almighty had to tell him not to grieve himself to death for sorrow after them (Ch.18:v.7) and that his mission was only to give them the message. We can judge his prayers from the following Tradition:

The Holy Prophet(sa) prayed for his enemies:

‘O Allah! Guide my people because they know not (do not know the truth)’.

In the same way, when once he was asked to pray that a curse befalls the Dossan tribe, he prayed instead:

‘O Allah! Guide the tribe of Dossan.’

So this was the anxiety in him for kindness and for humanity. He never said that he was going to compel them into belief by use of the sword but in fact refrained from any malediction or uttering any curse that an evil befalls his enemy.

‘The pagans of Makkah exiled the Holy Prophet(sa) from Makkah and gave him no respite in Madinah but whenever he met them, the Holy Prophet(sa) dealt with gracious kindness towards them. After the migration of the Holy Prophet(sa) to Madinah, the people of Makkah had to suffer a severe drought so much so that they had to live on dead meat and bones. Then in utter helplessness, Abu Sufyan, the leader of the Makkans, had to approach the Holy Prophet Muhammad(sa) and said: “O Muhammad! You command treating one’s own relatives well. Your people are dying. Pray to your God in our favour (that this famine passes away) and it begins to rain lest your people perish.”

To bring Abu Sufyan down to earth, the Holy Prophet(sa) remarked that you are very brave and courageous that despite the transgression by the Makkans, you demand a prayer on their behalf. But the Holy Prophet(sa) did not refuse to pray because he was mercy personified and he could have never wished that his people should perish. Then the people observed that his hands went up in prayers immediately and the Holy Prophet’s prayers for an end to the famine and the heavens to open up was duly accepted. It rained so much that the days of ease and abundance returned for the Quraish of Makkah. But, at the same time, their denial and opposition grew rapidly.’

(Bukhari: Kitabul Tafseer Sura Al-Rum lidukhan)

Now after this who can say that he gave a teaching of extremism and terrorism.


Then the Holy Qur’an states:

There should be no compulsion in religion. Surely, right has become distinct from wrong; so whosoever refuses to be led by those who transgress, and believes in Allah, has surely grasped a strong handle which knows no breaking. And Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.


Its explanation and practical application can be seen from this Tradition when the Banu Nadir were exiled from Madinah when they failed to fulfil their promise to maintain peace. At that time they also had many children of the Ansar (Muslim inhabitants of Madinah). These children had begun to live amongst the Jews, because in the pre-Islamic days of ignorance, amongst the Arab tribes of Aus and Khizraj, those who had no male children used to pledge that if the next child were born a male they would make him a Jew. Thus, there were many boys from the Aus and Khizraj tribes who had been handed over to Jewish families. When the Jews of Banu Nadir were exiled because of their transgression, the Muslims wanted to get back their own descendants from the Jews. The Holy Prophet of Islam(sa) refrained them from their action on the very basis that ‘there is no compulsion in religion’ that once you hand over your own son to someone else and that someone else makes your descendant a follower of Judaism, you cannot take him back: he would have to go with the Banu Nadir.

Then there is the account of a slave of Hadrat Umar(ra) who narrates that although he was a slave of Hadrat Umar(ra), Hadrat Umar(ra) never forced him to become a Muslim. Hadrat Umar(ra) most certainly used to explain to him with love and affection to become a Muslim but the slave would refuse and Hadrat Umar(ra) would only say: There is no compulsion in faith and fell silent after that. Finally, before his death, he set this slave free. Now who can, therefore, say that there is any room for compulsion or causing a breach of peace in Islam?

The Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim community, the Promised Messiah(as) says:

‘I know not wherefrom our opponents or from whom they have heard that Islam was spread by the sword. God says in the Holy Qur’an that there is no compulsion in the Islamic faith. Then who gave the order of force? What were the weapons of that force? And what kind of sincerity and belief is it of those compelled to become Muslims that without being paid and despite being a mere two to three hundred men, they should confront a force of thousands? Then, when they should have grown into thousands, they should defeat several hundred thousands, and, in order to save their faith from the enemy, they should offer their heads like sacrificial lambs and should seal the truth of their faith with their own blood. And they should be so passionate for spreading the Oneness of God that like refugees, they should endure such hardship and reach the desert of Africa and spread Islam on that continent; and should bear such difficulties and reach China not in the form of invaders but as refugees and should call the people of China to Islam. Say honestly, is this the work of those who were forced to become Muslims? Those whose hearts disbelieve, can their tongues believe? No, but this is the work of those whose hearts are filled with the light of faith and in whose hearts there is none but God and God.’

(Paigham Sulh: Ruhani Khazain, Vol.23, pp.468-469)


Amongst the very many traditions about the teaching of Islam on the freedom of faith and conscience, perhaps just one account is enough after which there is no need of further clarification.

‘Despite becoming the subjects of the Holy Prophet(sa), some groups of opponents wanted to hang on to their own faith. The question came to their mind as to what would happen to them because they knew that the Holy Prophet(sa) required that every man had the right to believe in any faith. These opponents had not accepted this demand but in the past had used force against the Muslims. When the opponents had been defeated, the Holy Prophet(sa), decided to remove theirhumiliation and addressing them suggested: “The prin-ciple for whose acceptance I fought against you, will not be abandoned because of your opposition to it. Undoubtedly, because of your cruel mentality, you adopted a wrong course of action, but rights shall be preserved. Go, no blame attaches on you. Each one of you is free in matters of faith. You are our

Zimmi (a non-Muslim living in a Muslim country). God and His Messenger shall be fully responsible for your safety.’ [Nisb al Raiah fi Takhrij Ahadith Al Hadaya Vol. 4, p.381 published Egypt]

Then Allah says:

O ye who believe! be steadfast in the cause of Allah, bearing witness in equity; and let not a people’s enmity incite you to act otherwise than with justice. Be always just, that is nearer to righteousness. And fear Allah. Surely, Allah is aware of what you do.

(Sura Al-Mai’dah – Ch.5:V.9)

Let us now examine the practical application of this Qur’anic teaching. After this who can say that Islam is not a religion of peace, harmony, reconciliation and justice.

‘It is narrated that Muhayyasa, Allah be pleased with him, a Companion of the Holy Prophet(sa) was killed as a martyr in Khyber. His beneficiaries asked the Holy Prophet(sa) for the capital punishment. The Holy Prophet(sa) asked: Can you swear and determine his killer? They said: O Prophet of God, we were not there so how can we swear? He replied: There can be no capital punishment without proof. There is only one possibility that the Jews of Khyber whom you suspect should according to the law swear fifty times that they know not who is the killer. The beneficiaries of Muhayyasa, Allah be pleased with him, said: Who can trust these Jews, they will take false oaths. The Holy Prophet(sa) replied: Then beyond this no cross-examination is permitted because in the sight of the law, there can be no preference. After this the Holy Prophet(sa) paid blood money to the beneficiaries of Muhayyasa.’

(Tajrid Al-Bukhari, Chapter Faslil Jihad, Part 2 published by Ferozsons Lahore)

From these verses it should have become clear that according to the teachings of Islam there can be no compulsion in matters of faith. God Almighty has left the choice of which belief to accept to be determined by the conscience of each person. In fact, the example I gave earlier of the slave, even in his case he was not forced to accept Islam. The Holy Qur’an mentions this freedom of conscience in various verses and it is not possible to mention all of them here.

In brief, after this clear and unambiguous teaching, the question arises that if the Holy Prophet(sa) or his Companions did not hold the sword in one hand and the Qur’an in the other nor destroyed the peace of the world, what are these holy wars and what is this thing called Jihad which is on everyone’s lips and for which every Muslim is being blamed for causing mayhem in the world? The amazing thing is that it is believed that these wars started during the time of the Holy Prophet(sa). We would have to fulfil the requirements of absolute justice and examine the situation of that age because without bringing that age to the fore, it would be impossible to do justice. In this connection, I set out briefly the words of the Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim community who says:

Our Prophet(sa) endured pain in Makkah and even after this at the hands of the disbelievers and in particular just to picture in our minds how the thirteen years in Makkah were spent under such persecution and cruelty of all kinds that it makes us weep. But he did not raise a sword nor replied to their harsh words with harshness – till many Companions and his dear friends had been murdered most cruelly; and, were made to suffer all kinds of ordeals; and, sometimes were poisoned; and, many a plots were hatched of assassinating him in which the opponents remained unsuccessful. When the time of God’s reckoning approached, it so happened that all the leaders and highly placed persons in Makkah unanimously agreed that come what may, the Holy Prophet(sa) had to be killed. At that time, God Who is the Guardian and Protector of His beloved and honest and truthful ones, informed the Holy Prophet(sa) that apart from evil there was nothing left in this town and its people were hell-bent on murder and that he should leave at once. Then, under divine command, he migrated towards Madinah but even there his enemies did not leave him and chased him in pursuit and in any case wanted to destroy Islam. When their mischief had gone beyond recall and the murder of many innocent ones made their killers worthy of punishment, at that time was the permission granted in the interest of defence and self-preservation. Moreover, many of those innocent ones who had been killed in mischief and otherwise than in open combat and their properties had been seized had deserved that their opponents should be dealt in this manner. But at the time of the victory of Makkah, our Prophet(sa) forgave all of them. Therefore, this thought that the Holy Prophet(sa) and his Companions engaged in any war to spread the faith or to compel anyone to become a Muslim is a terrible error and cruelty.

(Masih Hindustan Mein pp.7-8: Tafseer Hadrat Masih Maud

Vol. 3: pp.316-317)

And despite the permission granted to engage in a defensive battle against these pursuers and cruel persecutors, the consistent teaching of God Almighty was not to exceed the limits as it is stated:

And fight them until there is no persecution, and religion is freely professed for Allah. But if they desist, then remember that no hostility is allowed except against the aggressors.

(Surah Al-Baqarah Ch.2: v.194)

So, here this commandment of war is for defensive war and to end evil and that is why it is stated that when they desist, then you are not to engage in battle with them because your true job is to establish peace. So even in the permission for war, we have been given a beautiful principle of defence and making peace.

Wars and principles and regulations

When the Holy Prophet(sa) engaged in a battle, he used to firmly order that:

z No woman be killed;

z No children be killed;

z The old not be impeded;

z Nothing be said to the refugees, monks or hermits;

z No person be set on fire;

z No animal be killed;

z No tree be cut down;

z Unlike your enemy, no person’s nose or ear be cut off.

Then having been victorious, he used to proclaim:

z No injured be killed;

z Do not pursue unnecessarily anyone who escapes.

Then in connection with prisoners of war, he used to ask for their kind treatment.

‘Thus the prisoners taken after the Battle of Badr themselves admitted that: By God! The Muslims walked on foot while we were made to ride, they remained hungry themselves whilst they fed us, they remained thirsty while they gave us water.’

(Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi, Abu Daud)

Those who call Islam a belligerent, trigger happy and extremist religion should think whether a belligerent religion can give this kind of teaching. Do not toss the action of a few people and organisations into the lap of Islam and call it Islam. Today, in this age when man considers himself highly advanced and under-standing should ask himself whether these high values manifest themselves when bombs rain down from the skies, when missiles are fired on cities and dwellings. How much blood is shed of innocent lives in this indiscriminate bombardment which falls here and kills one here and another one there? In areas where there is anarchy, each day there are funerals of the old, women and children. Such news is not hidden from our eyes.

In conclusion, I end my subject of Islam’s beautiful teaching and its promotion of peace and its teaching which united a diverse mankind into a single brotherhood with a quotation from a Christian historian, Georgie Zeidan:

‘A primary reason for the rapid progress in Muslim education is that the Caliphs of Islam greatly valued the scholars of all faiths and all people and always enriched them with awards of gifts and bounties. They had no concern with their religion or their nationality or their caste or creed. Amongst them were Christians, Jews, Sabians, magicians, sooth-sayers and in fact people from every group. The Caliphs dealt with them with extreme reverence, respect and esteem. The non-Muslims had the same rights and freedoms that the Muslim leaders and governors enjoyed.’

(Tarikh Al Tamaddan Al-Islami Vol.3, p.194)

Now if after this anyone says that Islam is not a religion of peace, it would be a grave injustice.

I hope that in view of the shortage of time whatever I have said would have shown you some aspects of Islamic teaching of peace.

I am grateful to you for listening to my address with attention and respect.

Thank you, once again.

Friday, March 11, 2011

The Holy Quran

The promised Messiah's Beliefs (from his writings)

Perfect and holy is the teachings of the Holy Quran which nourishes every branch of the human tree. The Holy Quran does not stress only one side of it. It teaches compassion and forgiveness when forgiveness is nearer wisdom. It prescribes punishment for the wrong-doer but such as is appropriate to the moment and the occasion.

(Barahin-i-Ahmadiyya II, pg. 91-92)

God is our witness, He Who knows the innermost secrets of our hearts, that I am ready to accept the penalty of death, should any one be able to point to the slightest weakness in the teachings of the Holy Quran, it may be as slight as a minute fraction of a particle. Or should any one be able to point to an equally slight virtue of a book to which he subscribes, a virtue contrary to the teachings of the Quran on the same point, yet superior to it.

(Barahin-i-Ahmadiyya III, pg. 268 foot note 2)